Yang Jianping (Honorary Professor of National Defense University of Honduras, Researcher of the Center for Latin American Economics and Trade, Zhili University of Science and Technology) The 2019 general election is questioned, and the original ruling party will get a better result in the 2020 re-election Bolivia originally held a general election on October 22, 2019. Although President Juan Evo Morales Ayma, who was seeking a third re-election, was in the lead, the outside world suspected of electoral fraud and large-scale protests occurred. President Morales was forced to announce his resignation on November 10 under the pressure of the military and all parties, and took a special plane provided by the Mexican government to take refuge in Mexico on November 11.
After Morales resigned, Senator Jeanine Áñez Chávez of the center-right Movimiento Demócrata Social (MDS) became acting president amid the photo background removing controversy. The new election was originally planned to be held on May 3, 2020, but was postponed to October 18 due to the new crown virus epidemic. Morales, who moved from Mexico to Argentina in December 2019, still controls Bolivia's domestic political activities as the leader of the Movement for Socialism (MAS). After Morales' candidacy was rejected on the grounds that he "did not live continuously in the country", former economy minister Luis Arce ran for the election. The results of the 2020 general election have been announced, and the "Movement Towards Socialism" has achieved better election results than in 2019 (see attached table: Bolivia's 2019 and 2020 general election results of the main political parties).
Morales immediately returned to Bolivia from Argentina on November 9, ending a year of exile abroad. Bolivia's 2019 and 2020 general election results of the main political parties Bolivia's 2019 and 2020 general election results of the main political parties Source: Compiled by the author Evo Morales: Bolivia's first indigenous and leftist 'anti-American' president In December 2005, Evo Morales, a native of Bolivia, was elected president with 53.7% of the votes, becoming the first president of Bolivia after independence from Spanish colonial rule, and the first president of Bolivia. left-wing president.